In our study of Isaiah chapter fourteen, we will look at the origin of evil and God's plan to restore peace to His creation. This will help us to better understand God's mercy and grace.
The Lord will have compassion on Jacob; once again he will choose Israel and will settle them in their own land. Aliens will join them and unite with the house of Jacob.
The prophet speaks of a time that is to come which is commonly called the Millennial Reign. There are those that say this verse was fulfilled with the establishment of Israel as a nation in 1948 but it has not.
Nations will take them and bring them to their own place. And the house of Israel will possess the nations as menservants and maidservants in the Lord's land. They will make captives of their captors and rule over their oppressors.
We can see that this has not been fulfilled as Israel is scorned by many nations today. This will happen when Jesus returns and establishes His kingdom on the earth which will be based in Jerusalem. At that time, there will be no more debate about who owns the city or who rules the earth.
On the day the Lord gives you relief from suffering and turmoil and cruel bondage, you will take up this taunt against the king of Babylon: How the oppressor has come to an end! How his fury has ended!
Upon Jesus' return, the Jewish people will be delivered from the tribulation that they have faced. This new "king of Babylon" will be defeated and there will be joy and singing in Jerusalem.
The Lord has broken the rod of the wicked, the scepter of the rulers, which in anger struck down peoples with unceasing blows, and in fury subdued nations with relentless aggression.
The rulers of all the nations that oppressed God's people have been stripped of their power. It is acknowledged that it was Jesus who accomplished this.
All the lands are at rest and at peace; they break into singing.
This is truly a time of peace like the world has never seen. This is another reason that we can say that this prophecy has yet to be fulfilled. We also notice that the land is at rest meaning it does not have to be tilled to produce crops to feed God's people.
Even the pine trees and the cedars of Lebanon exult over you and say, 'Now that you have been laid low, no woodsman comes to cut us down.'
This time will be a time of complete peace as even the trees of the earth will see peace. All of the earth will rejoice in the Lord.
The grave below is all astir to meet you at your coming; it rouses the spirits of the departed to greet you - all those who were leaders in the world; it makes them rise from their thrones - all those who were kings over the nations.
All of those who are a part of this new Babylonian system will be put in the holding place until the time of final judgment.
They will all respond, they will say to you, 'You also have become weak, as we are; you have become like us.' All your pomp has been brought down to the grave, along with the noise of your harps; maggots are spread out beneath you and worms cover you.
This passage speaks to the fact that Satan will also be cast down with those that took a part in his system. The reference to "harps" speaks to the fact that, before his fall, he was the worship leader in heaven.
How you have fallen from heaven, O morning star, son of the dawn! You have been cast down to the earth, you who once laid low the nations! You said in your heart 'I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of God; I will sit enthroned on the mount of assembly, on the utmost heights of the sacred mountain. I will ascend above the tops of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.'
This speaks to the fact that Satan was the fairest of the angels in heaven. The term "morning star" refers to the fact that the planet Venus appears in the heavens and shine brightly just before the coming dawn. Satan was created to be an angel of light but was cast down to the earth. Satan's goal on earth is seen in this passage as he wants to set up a kingdom on this earth where he can be worshipped in the place of God.
But you are brought down to the grave, to the depths of the pit. Those who see you stare at you, they ponder your fate: 'Is this the man who shook the earth and made kingdoms tremble, the man who made the world a desert, who overthrew its cities and would not let his captives go home?'
Satan wanted to be worshiped like God but, in the end, winds up being mocked in hell. There are those who think hell is a place that Satan rules but it is not. It is a place of punishment.
All the kings of the nations lie in state, each in his own tomb. But you are cast out of your tomb like a rejected branch; you are covered with the slain, with those pierced by the sword, those who descend to the stones of the pit. Like a corpse trampled underfoot, you will not join them in burial, for you have destroyed your land and killed your people. The offspring of the wicked will never be mentioned again.
This passage speaks of the events in Revelation 19 where the leaders of the armies of Satan are killed while the religious and political heads are not. They are thrown in the fiery lake and Satan is bound for a thousand years.
Prepare a place to slaughter his sons for the sins of their forefathers; they are not to rise to inherit the land and cover the earth with their cities. 'I will rise up against them,' declares the Lord Almighty. 'I will cut off from Babylon her name and survivors, her offspring and descendants,' declares the Lord Almighty.
This passage speaks of the coming battle of Armageddon which will be fought in the Jezreel Valley (see Revelation 16). It is here that Jesus will defeat the armies of the nations (sons of Babylon). We see that "Lord Almighty" is the name of God that is given here. We are reminded that El Shaddai speaks of the fact that he is the only one that has the ability to supply. In this sense, Jesus is the only one who has the ability to defeat these armies.
'I will turn her into a place for owls and into swampland; I will sweep her with the broom of destruction,' declares the Lord Almighty.
The focus shifts back to the Babylon of Isaiah's day and the judgment that fell upon it. This passage has been carried out as the ancient city of Babylon that is located in Iraq is not inhabited by anyone.
The Lord Almighty has sworn, 'Surely, as I have planned, so it will be, and as I have purposed, so it will stand.'
If God says it, then, it is going to happen and He has His purposes for all things. The Babylon that we saw judged had not even came to power at the time that this prophecy was delivered but it was going to come to fulfill God's purpose. In the same way, God has a plan and a purpose for His people as a group and also as individuals. He has made plans for all of us and they will be fulfilled.
'I will crush the Assyrian in my land; on my mountains I will trample him down. His yoke will be taken from my people, and his burden removed from their shoulders.' This is the plan determined for the whole world; this is the hand stretched out over all nations. For the Lord Almighty has purposed, and who can thwart him? His hand is stretched out, and who can turn it back?
At the time of this prophecy, the Assyrian empire was the greatest and most feared. They had oppressed God's people and so He raised up the Babylonians to defeat them. We see from this passage that it is God's plan to deal with all nations that mess with His people. We are reminded that He is in control and no nation can stand against His purpose. That was true in Isaiah's day and it is just as true today.
This oracle came in the year King Ahaz died: Do not rejoice, all you Philistines, that the rod that struck you is broken; from the root of that snake will spring up a viper, its fruit will be a darting venomous serpent. The poorest of the poor will find pasture, and the needy will lie down in safety. But your root I will destroy by famine; it will slay your survivors.
This warning was given to the Philistines which were in the coastal area of Israel. Syria and Israel had joined forces against Judah and they had captured parts of the land. They are warned that worse is yet to come.
Wail, O gate! Howl, O city! Melt away, all you Philistines! A cloud of smoke comes from the north, and there is not a straggler in its ranks. What answer shall be given to the envoys of that nation? 'The Lord has established Zion, and in her his afflicted people will find refuge.'
The Assyrians conquered Syria and Jerusalem was saved from them. We see, here, that it is God who has established this land and this city for His people. It is how it was during this time and it is the same today.