In our study of 1 Corinthians chapter ten, we will answer the question: Why doesn't a Christian do anything that they want? There are many who say that you must follow a strict set of rules (legality) while others say that we are free to do anything (liberty). We will look at the fact that a Christian voluntarily limits their freedom for the good of others.
"For I do not want you to be ignorant of the fact, brothers, that our forefathers were all under the cloud and that they all passed through the sea. They were all baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea." NIV translation
Paul begins this look at freedom in Christ by taking a look at the history of the Jewish people. When he says that they were all "under the cloud", he is saying that they all had instruction from God as He was with them as they travelled out of Egypt. He reminds the Corinthians that Israel also witnessed the provision of God as He made a way for them to pass through the Red Sea. When Paul says that they were all "baptized into Moses", he is saying that those people were identified with the faith of Moses.
"They all ate the same spiritual food and drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank from the spiritual rock that accompanied them, and that rock was Christ." NIV translation
They did not have the Law when they came out of Egypt but instead had the very presence of God with them as they traveled.
God provided for all of their needs including food and water.
"Nevertheless, God was not pleased with most of them; their bodies were scattered over the desert." NIV translation
The Jews were brought out of their slavery in Egypt and were made free to walk with God. Most of them abused this freedom as they rebelled against God's leading them through Moses. They were still God's chosen people but their rebellion had consequences (physical death in the wilderness).