In our study of Genesis chapter two, we look at the perfect marriage and the perfect home. We look at the creation of the complete man that can only happen when he is united to the woman that God created for him.
Thus the heavens and the earth were completed in all their vast array. By the seventh day God had finished the work he had been doing; so on the seventh day he rested from all his work.
As we saw in chapter one, God created everything in six days and now we see that He rested on the seventh day. We must understand that God could have created everything in the blink of an eye, if He wanted to, but He took six days so that we would see our pattern for life. Now, we see the purpose of the seventh day which is rest; not that God got tired and needed a break but because He knew that we would need a day of physical rest.
And God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it he rested from all the work of creating that he had done.
God set apart the last day of the week for Himself. He blessed this day and we are blessed when we rest on this day as well.
This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created. When the Lord God made the earth and the heavens - and no shrub of the field had yet appeared on the earth and no plant of the field had yet sprung up, for the Lord God had not sent rain on the earth and there was no man to work the ground, but streams came up from the earth and watered the whole surface of the ground -
This passage recaps the first five days of God's creative work. During these days, God was preparing a home for man.
the Lord God formed the man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being.
For those that believe in evolution, this verse poses a very big question and that is: "Have you ever tried to tell a monkey about Jesus?". This verse shows us the main difference between us and all other creatures and that is the God-given capacity to know God. God formed the man from dirt which He had created on the third day but, then, God breathed into the man and the man not only was a physical being but became a spiritual being as well. This was a picture of what was to come through Jesus Christ as we see, in Acts 2, when the Holy Spirit came to the people, it was with the sound of a wind.
Now the Lord God had planted a garden in the east, in Eden; there he put the man he had formed.
God created a special place for man called the "Garden of Eden". Many people have tried to find out where this place is and there have been some really crazy suggestions (such as in the USA). Others have said that it is in Turkey, Iraq, or covered by the Persian Gulf. The simple fact of the matter is that God is unchanging and, through His word, we can see that this garden surrounds Jerusalem. The word that is translated "in the east" can also mean "prior to" and that is actually what it is talking about as we see that God "had planted" this garden.
And the Lord God made all kinds of trees grow out of the ground - trees that were pleasing to the eye and good for food. In the middle of the garden were the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
Throughout the Bible, the number two is the number of witnesses and here we see two trees at the center of the garden. We do not know what kind of fruit these trees produced only that God caused all of the trees to grow. We know that the fruit of the tree of life could allow man to live forever. We also know that the fruit from the other tree gave men knowledge of sin.
A river watering the garden flowed from Eden; from there it was separated into four headwaters.
The source of the water is and was an underground spring located near the city of Jerusalem called the Gihon Spring and we find it mentioned throughout the Bible. This spring, then, split and formed the start of the four rivers that we will see. Throughout the Bible, water is a symbol of the Word of God and its power to sustain life. Jerusalem has always been the chosen city of God and life for all flows out of there; first in the waters that we see here and then in the person of Jesus Christ who was crucified there so that we may have life. God is a God of patterns and so this spring flowing out and becoming rivers that water the land is a picture of our Messiah.
The name of the first is the Pishon; it winds through the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold. (The gold of that land is good; aromatic resin and onyx are also there.)
The first river is the Pishon which in Hebrew means "sandy land". Havilah is in what is now Saudi Arabia. This river reminds us that God's love flows through Jesus even to the most desolate areas and people that deny Him as the Son of God.
The name of the second river is the Gihon; it winds through the entire land of Cush.
The Gihon Spring flows under the southeastern hill of Jerusalem, west of the Kidron valley. Though the KJV translates Cush as Ethiopia, it was a large area and nobody can say for certain where this river flowed. It is quite possibly talking about an area of what is now known as Libya.
The name of the third river is the Tigris; it runs along the east side of Asshur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.
The final two rivers are widely accepted to be the Tigris and Euphrates rivers which are north of Jerusalem. Today, these rivers run through the country of Iraq.
The Lord God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it.
This simple verse explains the basic reason that God created man and that is as caretakers of His creation. Adam was placed in this perfect garden where he was given all that he needed. He had the joy of living in this perfect place and, as we will see, God was even there with him.
And the Lord God commanded the man, 'You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat of it you will surely die.'
God's instructions for Adam were very simple as he was given all things except the fruit from one tree in the garden. God knew that everything was good for the man except for the knowledge of evil and that is why it was forbidden. There are those who look at it like it was some big test of obedience and that God was waiting to see what would happen. The fact of the matter is that God knew the end from the beginning and prepared a cure for the evil even before it was needed.
The Lord God said, 'It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper suitable for him.'
We have heard the saying "No man is an island" and we see that God knew this from the beginning. We were not created to be alone but to have a suitable helper. The biggest problem today is that man is trading in the "suitable helper" for anything and everything. God has created a woman for each and every one of the men and, if we wait to find that woman, we will find that she is suitable. If we do not wait but simply go with a feeling, we will settle for less than what God has created a marriage to be.
Now the Lord God had formed out of the ground all the beasts of the field and all the birds of the air. He brought them to the man to see what he would name them; and whatever the man called each living creature, that was its name. So the man gave names to all the livestock, the birds of the air and all the beasts of the field. But for Adam no suitable helper was found.
In the previous passage, God had said that it was not good for the man to be alone in this world. Here, God brings all of the living creatures of the earth to Adam so that he could name them but also for another reason. God is not surprised by anything and so He knew that there was not a suitable companion among the animals but Adam had to see that for himself before God created the woman. As a pet lover, I can understand the affection between an animal and a person but, as we see here, that cannot replace the companion that God has created for each and every one of us. There are those who have settled for a pet instead of the helpmate that God has created for them and that is sad. God wants the best for us and that best includes the man or woman that He has created for each of us. Nothing can replace the wife/husband that God has created for you!
So the Lord God caused the man to fall into a deep sleep; and while he was sleeping, he took one of the man's ribs and closed up the place with flesh. Then the Lord God made a woman from the rib he had taken out of the man, and he brought her to the man.
We see, from this passage, that the woman was created out of the man and not from the ground like Adam was. She was created from a part taken out of the side of the man which reminds us that she is to be his partner not his slave (lower body) or master (upper body). The woman is the other half of a man and, when you wait for God to present to you the other half that He created for you, it is a blessing. That blessing is a marriage that glorifies God and is not a fight just to survive.
The man said, 'This is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called "woman", for she was taken out of man.'
When God brought the lady to Adam, he immediately knew that she was a part of him that God had created for him. This is good to remember in these days when men are "marrying" men and women are "marrying" women. It does not matter who accepts it, the fact of the matter is that God created a man and a woman for each other. We are free, in Christ, to make wrong choices but that freedom does not negate God's Word. The perfect marriage is between a man and a woman because that is how God designed it.
For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and they will become one flesh.
"For this reason" is talking about the fact that the woman was made from the part of the man and so neither are complete without the other. When they find their other half, they can then leave the comfort and protection of their parent's home and face the world as a complete person. It is also a reminder that only these two can come together to be one as God did not remove more than one part from the man. If you have ever seen a broken bone, then, you know that the two halves of that bone are the only two that fit together. You can attempt to put another piece of bone in its place but it will not fit perfectly. When it is the right two pieces of the bone (people) the result is a perfect marriage.
The man and his wife were both naked, and they felt no shame.
Many of us have heard the phrase "ignorance is bliss" and this is an example of the truth contained in the phrase. The man and woman were innocent in that they did not know that evil existed. They knew what good was as they could see it all around them in all that God had created but they were blissfully ignorant of evil.