Exodus Chapter Six, The Deliverer
In our study of Exodus chapter six, we look at God's promise of deliverance for
Israel and for us today. As they say, past behavior is a pretty good predictor of future behavior. Therefore,
by studying the deliverance of Israel out of the slavery in Egypt, we can learn about our own deliverance
through the power of Jesus Christ.
Then the Lord said to Moses, 'Now you will see what I will do to Pharaoh:
Because of my mighty hand he will let them go; because of my mighty hand he will drive them out of his
In chapter 5, Pharaoh refused to
let the people go and increased their workload so that they would not have time to even think of
leaving. We know that God is in control so we might ask why He would allow this persecution instead of
simply making Pharaoh release them. We see the answer in this verse and it is so that the Israelites
would see that it is only through the power of God Almighty that they will be delivered. It is the same
for us as Christians in that, if we need to be truly delivered from something, it is only the power of
God that can accomplish it in our lives. It seems like there is a program for everything that people
struggle with in this world today. They are useless and powerless without the Creator of the universe
changing our circumstances.
Exodus 6:2 & 3
God also said to Moses, 'I am the Lord, I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac and to
Jacob as God almighty but by my name the Lord I did not make myself fully known to them.'
We see two different names for God here and there is an important difference.
God Almighty (El Shaddai in Hebrew) is a name that confirms that He exists. Lord (YahWeh in Hebrew) is a
name that confirms the presence of God with His people. In the days before the deliverance of Israel,
their ancestors knew that God existed as they could see it in all of creation. Now, God was going to
reveal the fact that he would be with them in a much more personal way. It is still the same with many
people today as they know that a "higher power" exists but they do not know of the Lord (it's not
personal with them). This is a very big difference especially when the struggles of this life slap you
in the face.
Exodus 6:4 & 5
'I also established my covenant with them to give them the land of Canaan,
where they resided as foreigners. Moreover, I have heard the groaning of the Israelites, whom the
Egyptians are enslaving, and I have remembered my covenant.'
Because of God's previous promise (covenant) with Abraham, He not only heard
their cry but also was ready to take action on their behalf. God is reminding Moses of the past so that
he can be completely sure of the future things that are being revealed to him. This is the biblical
principle of building faith through experience. Faith (trust) is built when we see promises fulfilled.
'Therefore, say to the Israelites: "I am the Lord, and I will bring you out
from under the yoke of the Egyptians. I will free you from being slaves to them, and I will redeem you
with an outstretched arm and with mighty acts of judgment."'
Based on the covenant of the past, God promised complete deliverance for His
people. We remember that the number seven refers to completeness and this verse begins seven "I will"s
where God gives specific promises concerning the deliverance. The "I will"s are a reminder that it is
God that does all of the work of deliverance. The same thing is true for us as Christians. No matter
what we are looking to be freed from, it is only the power of God that can accomplish the task.
Exodus 6:7 & 8
'I will take you as my own people, and I will be your God. Then you will know
that I am the Lord your God, who brought you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians. And I will bring
you to the land I swore with uplifted hand to give Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob, I will give it to you
as a possession. I am the Lord.'
Moses is to reassure the Israelites that God will be with them every step of
the way and that He is not redeeming them just to abandon them later. The same is true for us today as
He delivers us from our sins and from our struggles. He does not leave us where we were but leads us on
to grow closer to Him and to know that He is with us every step of the way.
Moses reported this to the Israelites, but they did not listen to him because
of their discouragement and harsh labor.
Moses was faithful to tell the people of God about His complete deliverance
from their current situation but they did not believe him. We see that two reasons are given and that is
their attitude and their busyness. This was what Pharaoh had hoped for when he increased their workload
and it is also a tactic that is used today. God still promises us deliverance from the things that hold
us in bondage but we have to grab ahold of His promise and power through faith (trust) in Him and His
power. Our freedom from that bondage has to be our number one priority.
Then the Lord said to Moses, 'Go, tell Pharaoh king of Egypt to let the
Israelites go out of his country.' But Moses said to the Lord, 'If the Israelites will not listen to me,
why would Pharaoh listen to me, since I speak with faltering lips?'
Even though the Israelites did not believe God and Moses, God still told him to
go to Pharaoh. Moses' reply was to wonder why Pharaoh would listen when his own people would not. He was
still looking at his strength instead of trusting in God. That is what the devil tries to get us to do
as Christians. When we focus on ourselves and our own abilities, we lose track of the fact that God has
already taken care of our infirmities. With our eyes focused on His promised deliverance, we can walk in
Now the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron about the Israelites and Pharaoh king of
Egypt, and he commanded them to bring the Israelites out of Egypt.
It is always good to know who you are getting a message from and, here, we are
reminded that it is God speaking through Moses and Aaron. What follows is a partial family tree so that
the Israelites would know who these two men were. It is just as important for us today to know who we
are listening to as there are many false prophets in the world today.
These were the heads of their families: The sons of Reuben the firstborn son of
Israel were Hanok and Pallu, Hezron and Karmi. These were the clans of Reuben. The sons of Simeon were
Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jakin, Zohar and Shaul the son of a Canaanite woman. These were the clans of
Simeon. These were the names of the sons of Levi according to their records: Gershon, Kohath and Merari.
Levi lived 137 years.
This family tree is given so that we can know who these messengers of God's
deliverance were. The sons of Reuben and Simeon are listed just so we get to the third son of Israel
which was Levi. The Levites would be the chosen ministers of the people and it began here with the
calling of Moses and Aaron.
The sons of Gershon by clans, were Libni and Shimei. The sons of Kohath were
Amram, Izhar, Hebron and Uzziel. Kohath lived 133 years. The sons of Merari were Mahli and Mushi. These
were the clans of Levi according to their records. Amram married his father's sister Jochebed, who bore
him Aaron and Moses. Amram lived 137 years.
We notice that the age of the men is given when they live longer than 100
years. This is common in the Old Testament. We see that Moses and Aaron were the fourth generation of
Levites and are reminded that, throughout the Bible, the number four is associated with trials and
The sons of Izhar were Korah, Nepheg and Zikri. The sons of Uzziel were
Mishael, Elzaphan and Sithri. Aaron married Elisheba, daughter of Amminadab and sister of Nahshon, and
she bore him Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. The sons of Korah were Assir, Elkanah and Abiasaph.
These were the Kohathite clans. Eleazar son of Aaron married one of the daughters of Putiel, and she
bore him Phinehas. These were the heads of the Levite families, clan by clan.
The list continues down to the children of Aaron who would be the first members
of the priesthood of God. We will look at many of these characters more as we progress in our study of the
Exodus 6:26 & 27
It was this Aaron and Moses to whom the Lord said, 'Bring the Israelites out of
Egypt by their divisions.' They were the ones who spoke to Pharaoh king of Egypt about bringing the
Israelites out of Egypt - this same Moses and Aaron.
The purpose of the family tree that we saw was to establish who it was that God
had selected to carry out this task. We see that they had a very clear cut mission which was to lead
God's people out of Egypt. We also notice that they are listed twice and that the order is reversed the
second time. This is a reminder that they were equals in the sight of the Lord. We often hear of Moses
because God used him in this mighty way but we hear the name of Aaron less even though he was right
there with Moses. The same thing can happen in our Christian walk as we may be a part of a larger
ministry of God but do not receive the recognition of men. Even so, we can be assured that God takes
note of our service to Him.
Now when the Lord spoke to Moses in Egypt, he said to him, 'I am the Lord. Tell
Pharaoh king of Egypt everything I tell you.' But Moses said to the Lord, 'Since I speak with faltering
lips, why would Pharaoh listen to me?'
When called by the Lord, Moses' answer was that he was not capable. He
understood that the mission was huge and he did not feel up to the task. This is common among the people
that are used by God in mighty ways. It is very rare that God will use someone that is prominent or
especially well trained. Moses lost sight of the fact that God was the Deliverer and that he was only to
be the messenger. As Christians, we can fall into the same type of thing when we think of sharing the
gospel with those around us. It is one thing to be humbled and honored that God gives us the chance to
serve but it is another to think that success depends on our efforts or abilities.