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Zechariah Chapter Fourteen, Jerusalem's Final Fall

In our study of Zechariah chapter fourteen, we will look at the final fall of Jerusalem at the hands of the nations and its final rise at the hand of God.

Zechariah 14:1 & 2

A day of the Lord is coming, Jerusalem, when your possessions will be plundered and divided up within your very walls. I will gather all the nations to Jerusalem to fight against it; the city will be captured, the houses ransacked, and the women raped. Half of the city will go into exile, but the rest of the people will not be taken from the city.

Zechariah begins with a headline like in a newspaper and the news is that Jerusalem will be taken once again. In chapter 13, we saw that God was going to refine His people and this is a part of that process. We must also remember that God is in control of this time as He says that "I will gather the nations". As we see here, the city of Jerusalem will be divided in two by this great gathering of nations. So, what is this great gathering of nations and how is all of the nations on the earth going to be represented? The answer is that God speaks of the modern UN peacekeeping forces.

Zechariah 14:3 & 4

Then the Lord will go out and fight against those nations, as he fights on a day of battle. On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives , east of Jerusalem, and the Mount of Olives will be split in two from east to west, forming a great valley, with half of the mountain moving north and half moving south.

Now, the prophet tells us of how one half of the Jews will be saved from the nations. Jesus appears on the Mount of Olives and the mountain is split to form a huge valley that runs east and west from the Mediterranean Sea to the Dead Sea. It is interesting to note that this is what the two men in white told the disciples as He was taken up to heaven in Acts 1:11.

Zechariah 14:5

You will flee by my mountain valley, for it will extend to Azel. You will flee as you fled from the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the Lord my God will come, and all the holy ones with him.

Azal refers to Nahal Azal which is a valley south of Jerusalem. This gives us an idea of how wide the valley will be that runs to the east and west. This great shifting of the land will serve to elevate Jerusalem and it will be done by the hand of God. After the remnant is preserved for a time at the place called Petra, Jesus will return with all of those who have trusted in Him and the millennial Reign will begin.

Zechariah 14:6 & 7

On that day there will be neither sunshine or cold, frosty darkness. It will be a unique day - a day known only to the Lord - with no distinction between day and night. When evening comes, there will be light.

This verse speaks of the New Jerusalem and the fact that God is the light of not only the city but the entire world. Nobody knows when this will happen except the Father. This is the same thing that the apostle John saw in Revelation 21.

Zechariah 14:8

On that day living water will flow out from Jerusalem, half of it east to the Dead Sea and half of it west to the Mediterranean Sea, in summer and winter.

John calls this the River of Life and it flows from Jerusalem through the valley that was created earlier. The Dead Sea which has very little life around it today will be made fresh and new from this water of life. We see that this water is not dependent on the natural process of mountain snows melting but instead flows directly from God. Therefore, it will flow continually and not just during the spring.

Zechariah 14:9

The Lord will be king over the whole earth. On that day there will be one Lord, and his name the only name.

There is only room for one king on this new earth and that will be Jesus Christ. This is significant because it is the responsibility of a king to provide for the needs of the people of the land.

Zechariah 14:10 & 11

The whole land, from Geba to Rimmon, south of Jerusalem, will become like the Arabah. But Jerusalem will be raised up high from the Benjamin Gate to the site of the First Gate, to the Corner Gate, and from the Tower of Hananel to the royal winepresses, and will remain in its place. It will be inhabited; never again will it be destroyed. Jerusalem will be secure.

As King, Jesus will turn the land into a very fertile plain like the Arabah (the Jordan River Valley). Jerusalem will be a shining city on a hill and will never fall to an enemy again. It will continually contain God's people and there will be no fear of its end.

Zechariah 14:12

This is the plague with which the Lord will strike all the nations that fought against Jerusalem: Their flesh will rot while they are standing on their feet, their eyes will rot in their sockets, and their their tongues will rot in their mouths.

This verse shows us what will happen to the troops from the nations that attacked Jerusalem. Their flesh will simply be consumed or fall away. Many have equated this to a nuclear war and, while that is possible, we must remember that it is God that is bringing this judgment and He does not need nuclear weapons. We can only say that it is terrible and, at that point, all opposition to the rule of Jesus in Jerusalem will be removed.

Zechariah 14:13 & 14

On that day people will be stricken by the Lord with great panic. They will seize each other by the hand and attack one another. Judah too will fight at Jerusalem. The wealth of all the surrounding nations will be collected - great quantities of gold and silver and clothing.

When the power of God is demonstrated in the judgment on the soldiers of the nations, it will cause panic. Today, nations trust in their military and even the UN peacekeepers but, when they are destroyed, all hope for the nations is lost. The nations will not only realize that Jesus owns Jerusalem but also realize that all of their possessions belong to God as well.

Zechariah 14:15

A similar plague will strike the horses and mules, the camels and donkeys, and all the animals in those camps.

Whatever is used to strike down the soldiers assembled against Jerusalem will also affect their animals.

Zechariah 14:16

Then the survivors from all the nations that have attacked Jerusalem will go up year after year to worship the King, the Lord Almighty, and to celebrate the Festival of Tabernacles.

The people of the nations that attacked Jerusalem will then go to Jerusalem to worship God. The Festival of Tabernacles is a time of great rejoicing and celebrating. It is also a time of remembering the wandering of Israel in the desert and the provision of God during that time. In the same manner, the nations will worship God and remember the fact that they were spared from the fate of the troops that they sent in opposition to Him.

Zechariah 14:17-19

If any of the peoples of the earth do not go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord Almighty, they will have no rain. If the Egyptian people do not go up and take part, they will have no rain. The Lord will bring on them the plague he inflicts on the nations that do not go up to celebrate the Festival of Tabernacles. This will be the punishment of Egypt and the punishment of all the nations that do not go up to celebrate the Festival of Tabernacles.

With the establishment of His kingdom on earth, the nations will continue to acknowledge Him every year or the blessing of rain will be removed.

Zechariah 14:20

On that day Holy To The Lord will be inscribed on the bells of the horses, and the cooking pots in the Lord's house will be like sacred bowls in front of the altar.

Everything in the city of Jerusalem will have a singular purpose and that is to serve God exclusively. The age of people professing to love God and yet doing their own thing will be over.

Zechariah 14:21

Every pot in Jerusalem and Judah will be holy to the Lord Almighty, and all who come to sacrifice will take some of the pots and cook in them. And on that day there will no longer be a Canaanite in the house of the Lord Almighty.

All of the land of Israel will be set apart for God's people and everything in it down to even the smallest of cooking pots. Canaanite refers to anyone that is not morally and spiritually clean through the blood of Jesus Christ and they will not have a part in this New Jerusalem and new earth.

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