Leviticus 3:1 & 2

"'If your offering is a fellowship offering, and you offer an animal from the herd, whether male or female, you are to present before the Lord an animal without defect. You are to lay your hand on the head of your offering and slaughter it at the entrance to the tent of meeting. Then Aaron's sons the priests shall splash the blood against the sides of the altar.'" NIV translation

Now, Moses introduces us and the Israelites to the fellowship or peace offering. This offering was similar to the burnt offering but had a few differences. The first difference that we see is the fact that, unlike the burnt offering, either a male or female animal was allowed to be brought as the sacrifice.

Leviticus 3:3-5

"'From the fellowship offering you are to bring a food offering to the Lord: the internal organs and all the fat that is connected to them, both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins, and the long lobe of the liver, which you will remove with the kidneys. Then Aaron's sons are to burn it on the altar on top of the burnt offering that is lying on the burning wood; it is a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the lord.'" NIV translation

The second difference that we see between this offering and the burnt offering is the fact that not all of this sacrifice was burned up on the altar. The kidneys, part of the liver, and the fat around them were to be burnt on the altar. These parts of the body are associated with the removal of waste (detoxification) from the body. These parts were a "food offering" to God but not in the sense that He needed nourishment from men. They are a "food offering" in the sense that they provided satisfaction to God much like the way food satisfies our hunger. They were selected and removed as God's portion to remind us that it is only through Jesus Christ that the bad things (waste) from our lives can be removed. The rest of the animal was shared and eaten by the priests and the person that brought the sacrifice. This was a picture of the fact that we can have peace with our fellow men but it is only possible through Jesus Christ. God's portion was only offered on top of the burnt offering and the grain offering which is a reminder of this fact.

Leviticus 3:6-11

"'"If you offer an animal from the flock as a fellowship offering to the Lord, you are to offer a male or female without defect. If you offer a lamb, you are to present it before the Lord, lay your hand on its head and slaughter it in front of the tent of meeting. Then Aaron's sons shall splash its blood against the sides of the altar. From the fellowship offering you are to bring a food offering to the Lord: its fat, the entire fat tail cut off close to the backbone, the internal organs and all of the fat that is connected to them, both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins, and the long lobe of the liver, which you will remove with the kidneys. The priest shall burn them on the altar as a food offering presented to the Lord."'" NIV translation

The regulations for offering a lamb took into the account the fact that there was a specific kind of sheep that had a tail that contained a bunch of fat. Fat represented the best of an offering because it was a sign that an animal was well taken care of (it ate well). It is a reminder that we are always to present our best to the Lord.

Leviticus 3:12-16

"'"If your offering is a goat, you are to present it before the Lord, lay your hand on its head and slaughter it in front of the tent of meeting. Then Aaron's sons shall splash its blood against the sides of the altar. From what you offer you are to present this food offering to the Lord: the internal organs and all the fat that is connected to them, both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins, and the long lobe of the liver, which you will remove with the kidneys. The priest shall burn them on the altar as a food offering, a pleasing aroma. All the fat is the Lord's."'" NIV translation

The regulations for the goat are very much the same as with the lamb. The main difference is that they did not have a fat tail.

Leviticus 3:17

"'"This is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live: You must not eat any fat or any blood."'" NIV translation

The blood and the fat belonged to God because they represented abundant life which is only found in Him. This ordinance was to remain in effect until the time of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ.

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