In our study of the book of Job, we will look at Satan's big test to see if Job's faith would get him through the dark night. Whether we want to admit it or not, we Christians have all had tests of our faith that caused us to cry out in the night asking God why we were going through something. With this study, we will look at how a righteous man maintained his trust in God even in the face of extreme testing. This can help us in our walk with Christ as we come to understand more about the ways of God and things in the heavenly realm.
We do not know who actually wrote down this story of faith but it was probably an Israelite who had heard this epic story of faith and was sharing it with someone else that was going through a great trial.
"In the land of Uz there lived a man whose name was Job. This man was blameless and upright; he feared God and shunned evil." NIV translation
We are introduced to the man and not much is known about him or where he lived but the name is Iyowb in Hebrew and it means "hated" or "persecuted". The land of Uz was to the east of Jerusalem and was probably in the area of the modern city of Damascus Syria. Uz was a nephew of Abraham and tradition, as stated by the historian Josephus, says that he founded the city of Damascus.
We see four things about this man and are reminded that, throughout the Bible, the number four is associated with the trials and testing of man. The word that is translated as "blameless" is "tam" in Hebrew and is speaks of one who is gentle and loving. The word translated as "upright" is "yashar" which means "straight" in Hebrew and speaks of the fact that he was an honest man in his dealings with others. We also see that he "feared God" and the word "yare" is translated as fear but it speaks of reverence or holding high the name of God. Finally, we see that this man turned away from evil and speaks of the fact that, when he was tempted to do things in the way of the world, he chose to look at all things from a heavenly perspective.
All of this is to show us that he was a "good man" and this will be crucial in understanding the entire book.