In our study of Hosea chapter two, we will look at how God used the example of Hosea and his wife to tell of His promised restoration of the relationship with His people.
"'Say of your brothers, "My people," and of your sisters, "My loved one."'" NIV translation
In chapter 1, God used the prophet to call His people to repentance and to set an example of forgiveness. Now, God is sending him to tell his people that their relationship will be restored.
"'Rebuke your mother, rebuke her, for she is not my wife, and I am not her husband. Let her remove the adulterous look from her face and the unfaithfulness from between her breasts.'" NIV translation
Gomer had left to return to prostitution and God tells Hosea to repeat the call to repentance. This is a call to stop doing the detestable things that they were doing and to turn back to God. That same call for repentance goes out to the whole world today.
"'Otherwise I will strip her naked and make her as bare as on the day she was born; I will make her like a desert, turn her into a parched land, and slay her with thirst.'" NIV translation
Without repentance God says that he will remove His blessings from the people.
"'I will not show my love to her children, because they are the children of adultery. Their mother has been unfaithful and has conceived them in disgrace. She said, "I will go after my lovers, who give me my food and water, my wool and my linen, my oil and my drink."'" NIV translation
Now, we get to the heart of what is being talked about here. The example of an unfaithful wife is used to describe how Israel had forgotten that God was their provider. Israel was giving credit to idols for providing for their needs and grumbling against God's provision. The same type of thing happens all the time today as even Christians trust in the work of their hands and forget that God is the one that takes care of them. Chasing after the things of this world is the same as prostitution in God's eyes.