Esther Chapter Nine, Faith In The King
In our study of Esther chapter nine, we look at the faith that the Jews had in the
Persian king and how it relates to our faith in King Jesus.
Esther 9:1 & 2
On the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, the month of Adar, the edict
commanded by the king was to be carried out. On this day the enemies of the Jews had hoped to overpower
them, but now the tables were turned and the Jews got the upper hand over those who hated them. The Jews
assembled in their cities in all the provinces of King Xerxes to attack those seeking their destruction.
No one could stand against them, because the people of all the other nationalities were afraid of
In chapter 8, we saw that the
king had issued a proclamation that granted them salvation. Here, we see that the Jews believed the king
and took him at his word. When the day came, they won the battle because they believed in the authority
of the king and trusted in God. This is a picture of how we are saved from the effects of our sins. Our
King Jesus has the authority to forgive us of our sins because of His sacrifice on the cross and the
fact that He is the Son of God. If we believe that, we can stand against our own enemy which is
Esther 9:3 & 4
And all the nobles of the provinces, the satraps, the governors and the king's
administrators helped the Jews, because fear of Mordecai had seized them. Mordecai was prominent in the
palace; his reputation spread throughout the provinces, and he became more and more powerful.
Not only were they granted salvation but they were also shown favor by the
politicians. Mordecai had been elevated to a position of great power and it was known that he was a Jew
so the politicians did not want to cross him. This is a picture of the power that we have through the
Holy Spirit and many times we will be shown favor by people of the world when they see the power of God
at work in and through us.
The Jews struck down all their enemies with the sword, killing and destroying
them, and they did what they pleased to those who hated them. In the citadel of Susa, the Jews killed
five hundred men. They also killed Parshandatha, Dalphon, Aspatha, Poratha, Adalia, Aridatha, Parmashta,
Arisai, Aridai and Vaizatha, the ten sons of Haman son of Hammedatha, the enemy of the Jews. But they
did not lay their hands on the plunder.
In the capital city, the Jews also killed all of the sons of the man who had
intended to kill the Jews. We notice that they did not do it for treasure as they did not take plunder.
We must assume that this was an attempt to stamp out anti-Semitism (hatred of the Jews) but it is still
alive even to this day.
Esther 9:11 & 12
The number of those slain in the citadel of Susa was reported to the king that
same day. The king said to Queen Esther, 'The Jews have killed and destroyed five hundred men and the
ten sons of Haman in the citadel of Susa. What have they done in the rest of the king's provinces? Now
what is your petition? It will be given you. What is your request? It will also be granted.'
The events of the day were reported to the king and he could see the power of
the God of the Jews. He asked the queen what else was desired as he now knew that she was a woman of
'If it pleases the king,' Esther answered, 'give the Jews in Susa permission to
carry out this day's edict tomorrow also, and let Haman's ten sons be hanged on the gallows.' So the
king commanded that this be done. An edict was issued in Susa, and they hanged the ten sons of Haman.
The Jews in Susa came together on the fourteenth day of the month of Adar, and they put to death in Susa
three hundred men, but they did not lay their hands on the plunder.
Esther's request of the king was for vengeance and it was granted as Haman's
dead sons were put on display by being hung on a gallows. This is a simple picture of the vengeance that
God is going to take on those who mess with His children.
Esther 9:16 & 17
Meanwhile, the remainder of the Jews who were in the king's provinces also
assembled to protect themselves and get relief from their enemies. They killed seventy-five thousand of
them but did not lay hands on the plunder. This happened on the thirteenth day of the month of Adar, and
on the fourteenth they rested and made it a day of feasting and joy.
The Jews outside of Susa celebrated after the day of their deliverance while
the Jews in Susa were having their day of vengeance.
Esther 9:18 & 19
The Jews in Susa, however, had assembled on the thirteenth and fourteenth, and
then on the fifteenth they rested and made it a day of feasting and joy. That is why rural Jews - those
living in villages - observe the fourteenth of the month of Adar as a day of joy and feasting, a day for
giving presents to each other.
Purim is celebrated even today and there is a difference in the day of
celebration depending on where the Jew lives. No matter what day it is celebrated on it is still a day
to remember the deliverance of God. We, as Christians, should take every day to remember how God has
delivered us from sin and death through Jesus Christ. As the Jews gave presents to each other, we should
give the good news of Jesus to all we meet.
Mordecai recorded these events, and he sent letters to all the Jews throughout
the provinces of King Xerxes, near and far, to have them celebrate annually the fourteenth and fifteenth
days of the month of Adar as the time when the Jews got relief from their enemies, and as the month when
their sorrow was turned into joy and their mourning into a day of celebration. He wrote them to observe
the days as days of feasting and joy and giving presents of food and gifts to the poor.
Mordecai sent letters to all of the Jews establishing Purim as an annual
holiday. The purpose was for the people to take time to remember what God had done for them in
delivering them from their enemies. In our world today it seems like we have holidays for everything
that we can imagine but most of them are not set aside for remembering the things of the Lord.
So the Jews agreed to continue the celebration they had begun, doing what
Mordecai had written to them. For Haman son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had
plotted against the Jews to destroy them and had cast the pur (that is, the lot) for their ruin and
destruction. But when the plot came to the king's attention, he issued written orders that the evil
scheme Haman had devised against the Jews should come back on his own head, and that he and his sons
should be hanged on the gallows. (Therefore these days were called Purim, from the word pur.)
So, this became a national Jewish holy day celebrating the deliverance of God's
people from death at the hands of their enemy. This was a time to remember how God had saved them and it
is a picture of how we are saved from our own death penalty through the blood of Jesus Christ. The
celebration was (and still is today) called Purim from the word pur for lot.
Because of everything written in this letter and because of what they had seen
and what had happened to them, the Jews took it upon themselves to establish the custom that they and
their descendants and all who join them should without fail observe these two days every year, in the
way prescribed and at the time appointed. These days should be remembered and observed in every
generation by every family, and in every province and in every city. And these days of Purim should
never cease to be celebrated by the Jews, nor should the memory of them die out among their
We see, from this passage, the establishment of the Feast of Purim which is
celebrated by Jews even today. We notice that this custom was established by the people and not directly
prescribed by God. This is a very good tradition as it reminds God's people of His hand of deliverance
but we must remember that it is still a tradition. There are many traditions in the church of today and
often these traditions cause division and splits among the believers. That is the reason for so many
denominations and why we must remember the difference between man's traditions and God's
So Queen Esther, daughter of Abihail, along with Mordecai the Jew, wrote with
full authority to confirm this second letter concerning Purim. And Mordecai sent letters to all the Jews
in the 127 provinces of the kingdom of Xerxes - words of goodwill and assurance - to establish these
days of Purim at their designated times, as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had decreed for them, and
as they had established for themselves and their descendants in regard to their times of fasting and
lamentation. Esther's decree confirmed these regulations about Purim, and it is written down in the
This Feast of Purim became the law of the land by this political order.