In our study of 1 Kings chapter four, we will look at the kingdom that was passed on to Solomon from his father. In chapter 3, we saw that David had taught his son about the things of God and that is the first part of the legacy that was left to Solomon.
"So King Solomon ruled over all Israel. And these were his chief officials: Azariah son of Zadok - the priest; Elihoreph and Ahijah, sons of Shisha-secretaries; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud - recorder; Benaiah son of Jehoiada - commander in chief; Zadok and Abiathar - priests; Azariah son of Nathan - in charge of the district officers; Zabud son of Nathan - a priest and personal adviser to the king; Ahishar - in charge of the palace; Adoniram son of Abda - in charge of forced labor." NIV translation
We see the second part of the legacy that was left to Solomon in the fact that he ruled over "all Israel". His father had fought many battles to unify the nation and defeat its enemies but he passed on to his son a kingdom at peace. In this list of royal officials, we also see that other men left a legacy of loyalty and obedience to their sons. For instance, two of Nathan's sons were royal officials including one who was a personal adviser to the king. We are reminded that it was Nathan that had been obedient to God and went to David to inform him of the plot to replace him by his son Adonijah.
"Solomon also had twelve district governors over all Israel, who supplied provisions for the king and the royal household. Each one had to provide supplies for one month in the year. These are their names: Beh-Hur - in the hill country of Ephraim; Ben-Deker - in Makaz, Shaalbim, Beth Shemesh and Elon Bethhanan; Ben-Hesed - in Arubboth (Socoh and all the land of Hepher were his); Ben-Abinadab - in Naphoth Dor (he was married to Taphath daughter of Solomon); Baana son of Ahilud - in Taanach and Megiddo, and in all of Beth Shan next to Zarethan below Jezreel, from Beth Shan to Abel Meholah across to Jokmeam; Ben-Geber - in Ramoth Gilead (the settlements of Jair son of Manasseh in Gilead were his, as well as the district of Argob in Bashan and its sixty large walled cities with bronze gate bars); Ahunadab son of Iddo - in Mahanaim; Ahimaaz - in Nephtali (he had married Basemath daughter of Solomon); Baana son of Hushai - in Asher and in Aloth; Jehoshaphat son of Paruah - in Issachar; Shimei son of Ela - in Benjamin; Geber son of Uri - in Gilead (the country of Sihon king of the Amorites and the country of Og king of Bashan). He was the only governor over the district." NIV translation
Here, we have a list of the governors that Solomon put in charge of the twelve districts of the kingdom. We are reminded that, throughout the Bible, the number twelve is associated with divine authority and this kingdom was established by God and was to be ran according to His authority. We also see that each of these men were left a legacy by their fathers and so had ended up in these positions of authority. This is a reminder to all who have children that the life we live can have lasting rewards or consequences for our children.