"Then the Lord God provided a vine and made it grow up over Jonah to give shade for his head to ease his discomfort, and Jonah was very happy about the vine." NIV translation
Now, God begins to give Jonah a lesson in how ridiculous it was for him to be angry. God caused this vine to grow and give him shade. Jonah was happy as it is easy to praise God when His will agrees with our own and adds to our physical comfort. But, we are called to praise God for what He does in the lives of others as well because we are all one body in Christ.
"But at dawn the next day God provided a worm, which chewed the vine so that it withered. When the sun rose, God provided a scorching east wind, and the sun blazed on Jonah's head so that he grew faint. He wanted to die, and said, 'It would be better for me to die than to live.'" NIV translation
Now, we see the second part of the lesson for him. God removed the blessing of the vine and brought a trial through a scorching wind. Jonah got mad because he thought that he should have the vine. His agreement with God's will and plan ended pretty quickly and in fact we are told that he got mad enough that he wanted to die. The praise stopped when the blessing stopped and we are all probably guilty of that many times in our own lives.
"But God said to Jonah, 'Do you have a right to be angry about the vine?' 'I do,' he said. 'I am angry enough to die.' But the Lord said, 'You have been concerned about this vine, though you did not tend it or make it grow. It sprang up overnight and died overnight. But Nineveh has more than a hundred and twenty thousand people who cannot tell their right hand from their left, and many cattle as well. Should I not be concerned about that great city?'" NIV translation
Now, God showed Jonah that the right of ownership goes to the Creator. We, like Jonah, have bought into the idea that we own things and God is reminding Jonah (and us as well) that, as the Creator, the only true owner is God Himself. If we remember this passage, it will truly help us to live in freedom because with ownership comes upkeep. For example, when you own a car or a house, effort is required to maintain them. But, when you realize that you do not own anything and that God is the owner, the responsibility for maintenance goes to the owner (God). God may use us to do the work but, since He owns it, it is up to Him to provide for its upkeep.