Genesis Chapter Ten part 3, A study of Genesis 10:15 - 20, Genesis 10:21, Genesis 10:22 - 24, and Genesis 10:25 - 29 with our Common Man's Commentary

Genesis 10:15 - 20

"Canaan was the father of Sidon his firstborn, and of the Hittites, Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites, Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, Arvadites, Zemarites and Hamathites. Later the Canaanite clans scattered and the borders of Canaan reached from Sidon toward Gerar as far as Gaza, and then toward Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha. These are the sons of Ham by their clans and languages, in their territories and nations." NIV translation

The descendants of Ham would eventually settle in the land that is the country of Israel today. This land would be known as the promised land and it was a beautiful productive land.

Genesis 10:21

"Sons were also born to Shem, whose older brother was Japheth; Shem was the ancestor of all the sons of Eber." NIV translation

Finally, we look at the root of God's people. We see that Shem was not the oldest child and so this inheritance as God's people was not based on him but on the choice of God. As the oldest son, Japheth would have been considered the heir to the promise but God's selection of Shem shows us that our relationship is personal and not based on our earthly family position. 

Genesis 10:22 - 24

"The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram. The sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Gether and Meshech. Arphaxad was the father of Shelah, and Shelah the father of Eber." NIV translation

We see this selection also in the fact that Eber is singled out and he is the great grandson of Shem by his middle son. The name is Heber in the Hebrew language and is in fact where God's people get the name "Hebrews" or "Jews".

Genesis 10:25 - 29

"Two sons were born to Eber: One was named Peleg, because in his time the earth was divided; his brother was named Joktan. Joktan was the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Obal, Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these were sons of Joktan." NIV translation

The name Peleg means division and we see that there was division in the family of Shem. As we will see, Peleg is in the list of ancestors of Jesus Christ. Meanwhile, Joktan joined with Nimrod and, as we shall see, they wanted to elevate man to the position of God. We also see that Joktan had many sons and are reminded that the majority of people went along with Nimrod and his plan.

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