"This proposal pleased the whole group. They chose Stephen, a man full of faith and of the Holy Spirit; also Philip, Procorus, Nicanor, Timon, Parmenas, and Nicolas from Antioch, a convert to Judaism. They presented these men to the apostles, who prayed and laid their hands on them." NIV translation
So, the conflict was resolved and trustworthy men were put in charge of the food distribution. This freed up the apostles to allow them to spread the gospel.
"So the word of God spread. The number of disciples in Jerusalem increased rapidly, and a large number of priests became obedient to the faith." NIV translation
Because the chosen seven were doing their ministry, the apostles were free to share the word of God. Then, as this verse says, the number of disciples grew rapidly. Today, we have the same problem in many local churches as was occurring in Jerusalem. You have many "priests" getting caught up in the running of the church and forgetting about sharing the word.
God has a plan for each and every one of us. When all the parts of the body of the church are functioning as designed, rapid growth in the number of disciples will occur just as it did in Jerusalem.
"Now Stephen, a man full of God's grace and power, did great wonders and miraculous signs among the people. Opposition arose, however, from members of the Synagogue of the Freedmen (as it was called)- Jews of Cyrene and Alexandria as well as the provinces of Cilicia and Asia. These men began to argue with Stephen, but they could not stand up against his wisdom or the Spirit by whom he spoke." NIV translation
As it happens, even today, when we try to follow Christ opposition will arise. People will not be happy about it and they will try to grumble against you but we can find comfort in the last line of this passage.
This line tells us that those who tried to argue with Stephen found themselves arguing with the Holy Spirit (God). That, my friends, is an argument that ends the same every time. God wins! We have that same Spirit and it can work through us just as it did through Stephen.
"Then they secretly persuaded some men to say, 'We have heard Stephen speak words of blasphemy against Moses and against God.'" NIV translation
You wouldn't think that there would be a lot of opposition to feeding the widows and the poor but here we see people make up lies about Stephen. Jesus told us that, if we followed Him, there would be persecution. The same is true for us today. If everything is going along smoothly, you should check to see how closely you are following Jesus.